The Birth of Modern Afghanistan

To understand the politics of Afghanistan in 2021 it is necessary that we understand the country's relationships with the Great Powers. These powerful states have intervened in Afghanistan's civil wars throughout the 20th Century and their interference began much earlier. Our investigation will begin with the contest between two European colonial empires.


A brief history of ETIM and al-Qaeda

Many bombings and other terror attacks have been carried out in Xinjiang since 1990. Several organizations and individuals have taken credit for or have been named as responsible for these attacks. The PRC refers to the main group by the name East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM).