To understand the motives of Islamists and other traditionalists in Xinjiang we must examine the traditional societies that they wish to revive.
Many bombings and other terror attacks have been carried out in Xinjiang since 1990. Several organizations and individuals have taken credit for or have been named as responsible for these attacks. The PRC refers to the main group by the name East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM).
A brief overview of Yulbars Khan, the rebel prince who became Chiang Kai-Shek's Governor of Xinjiang in exile.